Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) is an aesthetic therapy recognized by conventional medicine, that is non-invasive, and based on breathing 100% pure oxygen or a nitrox gas mixture inside a hyperbaric chamber. The pressure allows diffusion of oxygen in the blood at a concentration ten times higher than normal; in this way, it promotes the formation of new blood vessels and mobilizes stem cells. The HBOT, reactivating the blocked metabolic processes, brings cure or improvement for some serious conditions.
It is effective, for example, for arterial gas embolism, clostridial gas gangrene, acute traumatic ischemia, chronic refractory osteomyelitis, skin grafts and compromised skin flaps, aseptic bone necrosis, sudden deafness and skin ulcers.
Most people think that hyperbaric oxygen therapy is only useful in extreme cases of carbon monoxide poisoning or for diving accidents (decompression sickness [DCS] or arterial gas embolism [EGA]): in these cases, is not only recommended, but is regarded as the treatment needed to save the patient's lives.
However, HBOT is used to address and treat many other diseases, such as:
- bone diseases (osteomyelitis, osteonecrosis)
- wounds that will not close (various types of ulcers)
- diabetic foot
- inflammation of the gums (gingivitis)
- sudden deafness
- carbon monoxide poisoning
- decompression illness
In most of these diseases, it is crucial to start hyperbaric therapy immediately, because it increases the chance of complete healing in a short time. Furthermore, in the context of a specific multidisciplinary course of treatment, HBOT is essential for healing traumas and fractures.
The beneficial effects of hyperbaric oxygen can help during short or longer more protracted cycles, even after treatment has ended.